2. What is a hypnotic "trance" ?
2.4. Critique of
The notion of trance logic,
rooted as it is in subjective reports, has been questioned by some of
the non-state theorists, such as Nicholas Spanos, who do not believe
that trance logic represents any sort of defining characteristic of
Examples of critiques of this
concept can be found in Nicholas Spanos, "Hypnotic behavior: A
social-psychological interpretation of amnesia, analgesia, and 'trance
logic,'" Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9(1986):449-502, and a paper
cited by Spanos in the above; Nicholas P. Spanos, H.P. de Groot, D.K.
Tiller, J.R. Weekes, and L.D. Bertrand, "'Trance logic' duality and
hidden observer responding in hypnotic, imagination control, and
simulating subjects," Journal of Abnormal Psychology